What Are the Symptoms and Causes of Periodontitis?

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Periodontitis is a type of gum disease in which an infection causes damage to the soft tissue surrounding the teeth. If periodontitis is not treated, it could lead to tooth loss. So what causes periodontitis, and how do you know if you have it?

Causes of Periodontitis

There are various causes of periodontitis, including:

  • Gum disease from plaque and tartar buildup
  • Poor oral hygiene
  • Systemic diseases, including diabetes
  • Certain dietary habits
  • Genetics

This disease most often affects adults aged 30 to 60, but some younger children can also be affected. People with other inflammatory diseases are more at risk of developing periodontitis. These include:

  • Osteoarthritis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Rheumatism
  • Ulcerative colitis

A common feature of periodontitis is that it progresses slowly and usually goes undetected until it reaches an advanced stage.

Symptoms of Periodontitis

Symptoms of periodontitis often go unnoticed and are normally not painful. There are mild forms of this disease that have no symptoms at all. However, there are more severe forms of the disease that require immediate treatment.

Common symptoms of periodontitis include:

  • Bad breath
  • Red or swollen gums
  • Loss of your gums
  • Unexplained increased sensitivity to hot or cold temperatures
  • Receding gums
  • Loose teeth or loose teeth that do not touch each other
  • Soreness of the jaw
  • Gums that bleed easily

Fever, throat pain, and swelling of the tissues surrounding the tooth are also signs of more advanced periodontitis.

How Is Periodontitis Treated?

Our dentist will examine the soft tissue surrounding your teeth and the bone tissue just under the gums and examine the teeth for any signs of periodontitis. If you are diagnosed with periodontitis, our dentist will discuss the best treatment options for you. Possible treatments include:

  • Medications – Your dentist might prescribe antibiotics or medication to help alleviate pain.
  • Surgery– If periodontitis is extreme, your dentist might recommend surgery.

How to Prevent Periodontitis

The simplest way to prevent periodontitis is to have regular dental checkups. Our dentist will provide you with routine cleaning and will provide you with advice regarding how to take care of your teeth and gums.

If you continually practice dental hygiene, you can help prevent many periodontal diseases. This includes brushing your teeth twice a day and flossing at least once a day. If you still have pain or inflammation, you might consider using a mouthwash that is meant to treat gingivitis.

In addition, you should make sure that you do not smoke. Smoking can cause gum disease and many other health concerns. If you are a smoker or know a smoker, urge them to quit.

In some cases, you might need to change your diet in order to prevent periodontitis. If you have diabetes, you should visit the dentist regularly and follow the advice of your health care providers.

Final Thoughts

If you notice signs or symptoms of periodontitis, such as inflamed gums, you should contact our dental office in Raleigh, NC, immediately at 919-872-1700. Dr. Mihirgir Bava will help you determine if periodontitis is causing damage to your gums and teeth and if you need treatment.